Shoshenq I

Posted: August 23, 2009 in Archaeology

The “Centuries of Darkness” group has an interesting comment in their “Recent Developments” section:

“March 2009. A fascinating article has been published by Dr Rupert Chapman (British Museum), entitled “Putting Shoshenq I in His Place” in the Palestine Exploration Quarterly 141:1 (2009), pp. 4-17. Chapman presents a fresh analysis of a question that has intrigued archaeologists since 1926, when a fragment of a victory-stlea of Shoshenq I (founder of the Egyptian 22nd Dynasty) was found at the site of ancient Megiddo in Israel – it was found in the ‘dump’ from earlier excavations, but which stratum did it originally belong to? While reattributing such a find a century after it was discovered is fraught with difficulty, Chapman deduces that it was orginally set up in Stratum V, which by cross-dating with his work on the pottery of Samaria must have been a 9th-century BC level. He concludes: “On the basis of the purely stratigraphic argument set out above, it becomes clear that Sheshonq I and his expedition should also be dated to the 9th century BC.” Chapman’s paper is the first study (outside Centuries of Darkness) to argue from archaeological grounds that the conventional dating of Shoshenq I to the late 10th century BC is incorrect (see FAQ # 6 and #7).”

In terms of the New Courville perspective, the range of Megiddo level 5 is from 879 B.C. to 783 B.C. (i.e., 9th century to beginning of 8th century).  The stratum is Iron Age 2a.  In terms of our reconstruction, IA2a would be from Omri to Uzziah’s Earthquake, which covers the 9th century at the least.  (See our Iron Age 2 chart.)

Thus Chapman’s theory is consistent with New Courville’s placement in the archaeological record of Shoshenq 1 in relation to the biblical data.


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